Last week’s meeting of the GDA was a success. In a special “By Request” session, students discussed topics of their choice with Tyler Dockery and Marsha Mills, while students assisted with hands-on assignments.
Tyler Dockery gave a short lecture on the Bauhaus Movement in Graphic Design, discussing some of its origins in Germany as a melding of art, design, industrial design, and architecture and their part in North Carolina History.
The original call of the Bauhaus movement echoed the statements of Walter Gropius: That “Art is not a profession” and spoke out against the isolation of the artist. Artists and architects should work together and mold the most perfect structures. After having their institution summarily closed after a successful exhibition, the major players of the Bauhaus movement were run out of Germany by the Nazi’s and right-wing conservatives as being too “inclusive”, and that their thoughts were destroying the romantic utopia created by artists.
Leaving Germany for the United States, many Bauhaus artists and architects retreated to the Black Mountain College in North Carolina. Here, Joseph Albers and other important figures began a school combining the arts and design together into the modern look and feel of the design system we use today. Although this school eventually closed and scattered the major movers and shakers in the design and art community to the USA, while it ran, it had an excellent, ground-breaking effect on design thought and practice.
Among those who taught at the Black Mountain College in the 1940s and 1950s were:
Josef and Anni Albers, Eric Bentley, Ilya Bolotowsky, Josef Breitenbach, John Cage, Harry Callahan, Mary Callery, Fritz Cohen, Robert Creeley, Merce Cunningham, Edward Dahlberg, Max Dehn, Willem de Kooning, Robert Duncan, Buckminster Fuller, Walter Gropius, Trude Guermonprez Lou Harrison, Alfred Kazin, Franz Kline, Jacob Lawrence, Richard Lippold, Alvin Lustig, Beaumont Newhall, Charles Olson, M. C. Richards, Albert William Levi, Alexander Schawinsky, Ben Shahn, Arthur Siegel, Aaron Siskind, Theodoros Stamos, Jack Tworkov, Robert Motherwell, Emerson Woelffer, and William R. Wunsch.
This material supplied by the wikipedia
If you want to read more about the Black Mountain College in North Carolina, please consider the following sites:
- The Bauhaus and America: First Contacts, 1919-1936
- The Bauhaus in History
Tyler Dockery also discussed the Golden Rectangle and The Golden Spiral with visual demonstrations on the board. While not going into specifics about the number theory behind it, Practical Application was discussed. Materials relating to architecture (worldwide modern and traditional Japanese), typography and letterform logos, as well as renaissance architecture and the birth of modern art.
Marsha Mills was also on hand discussing design pieces and giving hands-on assistance with projects. If you have questions, we hope to see you at our next meeting, and we hope to see you all at Tyler Dockery’s upcoming talk: Everything You Need to Know About Type.